HBLLP Logo Client login link HBLLP Home page link Make a payment link
* *
* *
" " " " " "        
  March 2019  

Stretch Your College Student's Spending Money With The Dependent Tax Credit

March 19, 2019

If you’re the parent of a child who is age 17 to 23, and you pay all (or most) of his or her expenses, you may be surprised to learn you’re not eligible for the child tax credit. But there’s a dependent tax credit that may be available to you. It’s not as valuable as the child tax credit, but when you’re saving for college or paying tuition, every dollar counts!

Background of the credits
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) increased the child credit to $2,000 per qualifying child under the age of 17. The law also substantially increased the phaseout income thresholds for the credit so more people qualify for it. Unfortunately, the TCJA eliminated dependency exemptions for older children for 2018 through 2025. But the TCJA established a new $500 tax credit for dependents who aren’t under-age-17 children who qualify for the child tax credit. However, these individuals must pass certain tests to be classified as dependents.

A qualifying dependent for purposes of the $500 credit includes:

  1. A dependent child who lives with you for over half the year and is over age 16 and up to age 23 if he or she is a student, and
  2. Other nonchild dependent relatives (such as a grandchild, sibling, father, mother, grandfather, grandmother and other relatives).

To be eligible for the $500 credit, you must provide over half of the person’s support for the year and he or she must be a U.S. citizen, U.S. national or U.S. resident.

Both the child tax credit and the dependent credit begin to phase out at $200,000 of modified adjusted gross income ($400,000 for married joint filers).

The child’s income
After the TCJA passed, it was unclear if your child would qualify you for the $500 credit if he or she had any gross income for the year. Fortunately, IRS Notice 2018-70 favorably resolved the income question. According to the guidance, a dependent will pass the income test for the 2018 tax year if he or she has gross income of $4,150 or less. (The $4,150 amount will be adjusted for inflation in future years.)

More spending money
Although $500 per child doesn’t cover much for today’s college student, it can help with books, clothing, software and other needs. Contact us with questions about whether you qualify for either the child or the dependent tax credits.
© 2019



   
   
 
* *
 
 
 
 
Megaphone  

GET NEWS DELIVERED TO YOUR INBOX

Stay current on tax and accounting issues, business
strategies, technology and general business information.

Sign up for our newsletter and
receive regular emails from us!

  Register Newsletter Form Registration
 
 
 
 
  grey spacer    
 
         
Social media icons Email Us HBLLP's Instagram page HBLLP's Facebook page Directory Link Office Locations link
  " "      
       
       
       

Hutchinson and Bloodgood LLP is an affiliate of PKF International and Allinial Global, associations of legally independent accounting and consulting firms who share education, marketing resources, and technical knowledge in a wide range of industries. We are independent accounting firms coming together to support the success of independent client companies.


@ 2019 Hutchinson and Bloodgood LLP